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>Infanteri adalah | Tentang TNI-AD

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Infanteri merupakan pasukan tempur darat utama yaitu pasukan berjalan kaki yang dilengkapi persenjataan ringan, dilatih dan disiapkan untuk melaksanakan pertempuran jarak dekat. Infanteri berasal dari kata infant yang berarti kaki, biasanya untuk menggambarkan para tentara muda yang berjalan kaki disekeliling para ksatria yang menunggang kuda atau kereta. Oleh karena itu seorang infanteri harus memiliki kemampuan berkelahi, menembak, dan bertempur dalam segala medan dan cuaca. Pasukan infanteri modern dapat diangkut ke daerah pertempuran dengan pesawat terbang, kapal/perahu, truk, kendaraan lapis baja, atau helikopter.

Sebagian infanteri kini merupakan bagian organik dari kesatuan lapis baja atau kesatuan mobil udara. Namun, apabila terlibat dalam pertempuran baik dalam keadaan menyerang maupun bertahan, mereka bertempur di luar kendaraan sebagai pasukan berjalan kaki.

Sasaran atau wilayah belum dapat dikatakan berhasil direbut sebelum diduduki dan dikuasai satuan Infanteri. Lalu, muncul sebutan infanteri adalah “Queen of the Battle” (ratu dari pertempuran)
Infanteri di TNI

Walaupun Indonesia adalah negara kepulauan,sebagian besar tentara Indonesia terdiri dari pasukan infanteri, hal ini terjadi karena pengadaan pasukan infanteri adalah hal yang paling mudah dan murah. Infanteri adalah korps yang terbesar dan menjadi tulang punggung di jajaran TNI-AD. TNI AD Memiliki tak kurang dari 89 Batalyon Infanteri atau sering juga disebut Yonif. Setiap tanggal 15 Desember dalam lingkungan TNI-AD diadakan peringatan Hari Juang Kartika TNI-AD atau dulu biasa disebut sebagai hari Infanteri TNI-AD. Selain Batalyon Infanteri yang berada dibawah komando TNI AD, masih terdapat 9 Batalyon Infanteri Marinir yang berada dibawah komando Korps Marinir TNI AL.

Source : Wikipedia

 
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Ditulis oleh pada Juli 7, 2011 in Pengetahuan Militer

 

>Seragam seragam yang digunakan TNI-AD

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Sekedar berbagi pengetahuan militer sebelumnya Hend pernah posting tentang Tanda Kepangkatan TNI-AD,Kali ini Hend share lanjutan tentang seragamnya, Semoga bermanfaat buat semua pengunjung http://www.hendrygeorge.com
TNI-AD TNI(Tentara Nasional Indonesia) kebanggaan saya juga seluruh rakyat di indonesia pada khususnya perlu ada ketahui TNI-AD(Angkatan Darat) atau TNI-AU(Angkatan Udara), dan TNI-AL(Angkatan Laut)
Memiliki seragam/pakaian masing masing saat menjalankan tugasnya.berikut langsung saja,.
Pada saat tugas di kantor,upacara,tugas lapangan dll.Karena saya hanya mengetahui TNI-AD jadi saya akan bahas tentang seragam TNI-AD saja kebetulan sejak kecil saya sudah sering melihat Orangtua saya memakainya .
Ok langsung saja berikut keterangan lengkapnya:

PDU I

1. Penggunaan.

a. Upacara pelantikan Kepala Negara/Wakil Kepala Negara.

b. Persemayaman dan upacara pemakaman secara militer.

c. Upacara penganugerahan Tanda Kehormatan RI, apabila dilaksanakan oleh
Pejabat selain Presiden/Wakil Presiden.

d. Upacara pelepasan Purnawirawan (Wisuda Purnawira).

e. Pengantaran/penyambutan jenazah.

f. Ziarah nasional.

g. Upacara tabur bunga di laut. (Upacara Hari Dharma Samudera)

h. Apel Kehormatan dan Renungan Suci (AKRS).

i. Upacara Hari Pahlawan.

j. Upacara Kenegaraan (HUT negara asing dan Angkatan Perang negara asing yang dilaksanakan di Indonesia).

k. Upacara Penyambutan pejabat setingkat Menteri/Panglima Angkatan Perang negara asing di Mabes TNI.

l. Upacara perkawinan (Pedang Pora).

2. Kelengkapan.

a. Pet upacara (Tamtama TNI AL menggunakan dop).

b. Sepatu dan kaos kaki (wanita TNI tanpa kaos kaki).

c. Ikat pinggang (hitam untuk TNI AD dan TNI AU, putih untuk TNI AL).

d. Dasi (Pa/Ba TNI AL tanda dasi).

e. Pedang (kecuali Kowal) dan sarung tangan putih untuk Pa TNI AL.

f. Perwira wanita TNI dilengkapi dengan tas PDU (hitam untuk Kowad dan Wara, putih untuk Kowal).

3. Atribut.

a. Papan nama ebonit.

b. Tanda pangkat upacara.

c. Tanda jabatan.

d. Tanda kemahiran/kualifikasi.

e. Tanda kehormatan Medali gantung besar.

4. Keterangan.

a. Atribut dan kelengkapan dikenakan hanya oleh yang berhak.

b. ADC dan Athan dilengkapi dengan tali bahu sesuai dengan ketentuan.


Maaf jika di atas keterangan belum lengkap hend uda upload ke google silahkan lihat di bawah ini mohon jangan di salahgunakan ini di lindungi TNI-AD 🙂
View

Jika ingin mendownload file pdf di atas silahkan klik link di bawah ini :

Downlaod File PDF Seragam TNI-AD

Source : TNI-AD

 
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Ditulis oleh pada Juli 6, 2011 in Pengetahuan Militer

 

>GELAR PENYULUHAN HUKUM | KOREM 073/MAKUTARAMA

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KOREM 073/MAKUTARAMA GELAR PENYULUHAN HUKUM
Oleh : Penrem073

Bertempat di Balai Prajurit Makutarama, dilaksanakan Penyuluhan Hukum oleh Team Penyuluh Hukum dari Kumdam VI/Diponegoro yang diikuti oleh anggota Makorem 073/Makutarama, Kodim 0714/Salatiga dan Satdisjan Jajaran Korem 073/Makutarama baik militer maupun PNSnya, Senin (4/7).

Kasrem 073/Makutarama Letkol Inf. Sugeng Priyanto mewakili Danrem 073/Makutarama, menyampaikan selamat datang kepada Team Penyuluh di Korem 073/Makutarama, serta merupakan kehormatan dan kebanggaan bagi Korem 073/Makutarama dan Jajarannya, atas kesediaan team dari Kumdam IV/Diponegoro untuk memberikan penyuluhan hukum kepada seluruh prajurit dan PNS Korem 073/Makutarama.

Disamping itu Kasrem berharap dengan adanya penyuluhan hukum ini, kepada seluruh anggota Korem 073/Makutarama dan Jajarannya nantinya dapat mengerti serta mematuhi aturan-aturan hukum yang berlaku dalam kehidupan sehari-hari baik dalam keluarga, kedinasan, bermasyarakat, berbangsa dan bernegara.

Kemudian kepada prajurit dan PNS berkaitan dengan penyuluhan ini, agar mau menanyakan hal-hal yang belum dipahami kepada Team Penyuluh, sehingga penyuluhan yang dilaksanakan dapat mencapai sasaran yang diinginkan oleh pimpinan.

Sedangkan Materi Penyuluhan yang disampaikan antara lain tentang, UU No. 35 Tahun 2009 tentang Narkotika dan tentara tidak dapat lepas dari KUHPM (Kitap Undang-undang Hukum Pidana Militer), THTI (Tidak Hadir Tanpa Ijin), desersi (tidak masuk berturut-turut selama 30 hari), dan UU No. 22 Tahun 2009 tentang lalulintas jalan raya, serta penjelasan Perkasad No. 1/II/2009 tanggal 5 Februari 2009 tentang sanksi Administrasi bagi Prajurit TNI AD yang melakukan pelanggaran. (penrem 073/ Dispenad).

Source : Situs TNI-AD

 
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Ditulis oleh pada Juli 6, 2011 in Pengetahuan Militer

 

>Kemhan Promosikan Produk Industri Pertahanan di BRIDEX 2011

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Bandar Seri Begawan, Dalam rangka mempromosikan produk – produk industri pertahanan dalam negeri kepada negara – negara di kawasan ASEAN  pada khususnya dan internasional pada umumnya,  Indonesia melalui Kementerian Pertahanan RI bersama dengan Badan Usaha Milik Negara Industri Pertahanan (BUMNIP) mengikuti ajang Brunei Darussalam Internasional Defence Exhibition & Coference (BRIDEX) 2011 di Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam.

BRIDEX 2011 diselenggarakan oleh Kementerian Pertahanan Brunei Darussalam untuk yang ketiga kalinya dalam rangka memperingati ulang tahun emas Angkatan Bersenjata Kerajaan Brunei Darussalam. BRIDEX 2011 berlangsung selama empat hari dibuka tanggal 6 sampai dengan 9 Juli 2011.
Keikutsertaan Indonesia dalam ajang pameran industri pertahanan berskala internasional di Brunei Darussalam tersebut, yaitu dengan  membuka satu Pavilium Industri Pertahanan Indonesia yang menyajikan beberapa miniatur dari produk – produk industri pertahanan dari dalam negeri baik BUMN maupun swasta nasional antara lain PT. Pindad, PT. PAL, PT. Dirgantara Indonesia, PT.   Dahana, PT. LEN  dan PT. Palindo Marine , PT.Sritex dan PT. Famatex.
Direktur Teknik Industri Pertahanan Direktorat Jenderal Potensi Pertahanan (Dirtekind Ditjen Pothan) Kemhan RI Brigjen TNI Agus Suyarso, Selasa (5/7) sehari sebelum pembukaan BRIDEX 2011 di Brunei Darussalam mengatakan,  melalui keikutsertaan Kemhan RI bersama dengan BUMNIP dalam BRIDEX 2011 kali ini, diharapkan Indonesia dapat mempromosikan produk – produk industri pertahanan baik yang Alutsista maupun yang non Alutsista kepada negara – negara lain khususnya di kawasan regional ASEAN.
Dijelaskan Dirtekind, bahwa dalam event yang penting ini Kemhan berusaha untuk menampilkan yang terbaik untuk menunjukan bahwa Indonesia sudah mulai bangkit untuk mampu dan mandiri dalam memenuhi kebutuhan peralatan pertahanan.
PT. Pindad misalnya menampilkan Panser Anoa 6×6,  Mobile  Shooting Galery dan berbagai varian senjata untuk perorangan, PT. PAL menampilkan kapal jenis Landing Platform Dock (LPD), PT. Dirgantara Indonesia menampilkan pesawat CN 235 dan pesawat maritim patrol CN 235 dan sejumlah perusahaan industri pertahanan dalam negeri  lainnya yang menampilkan produknya masing – masing.
Menurut Dirtekin, beberapa negara seperti Philipina dan Brunei Darussalam selaku tuan rumah menyatakan ketertarikannya untuk membeli sejumlah produk pertahanan buatan  Indonesia. Brunei Darussalam telah menyatakan tertarik untuk membeli Panser Anoa 6×6 dan Mobile Shooting Galery produksi PT. Pindad.
Untuk itu, pada kesempatan BRIDEX ini, Panser Anoa 6×6 dan Mobile Shooting Galery produksi PT.  Pindad  mendapatkan kesempatan diujicoba untuk memastikan apakah performance-nya sesuai dengan kebutuhan dari Angkatan Bersenjata Brunei Darussalam.
Selain Panser Anoa 6×6 dan Mobile Shooting Galery, dalam event BRIDEX kali ini  Indonesia juga mencoba secara khusus  menawarkan kepada Brunai Darussalam beberapa produk pertahanan Alutsista lainnya seperti pesawat maritim patrol CN2 35 buatan PT. Dirgantara Indonesia dan juga produk pertahanan Non Alutsista misalnya pakaian untuk prajurit,  helm,  dan rompi anti peluru.
“Brunai sudah beli pesawat CN 235,  kita mencoba tawarkan lagi untuk maritime patrolnya CN 235 mau beli baru atau mau retrovit  menjadi  maritime patrol”, jelas Dirtekin Ditjen Pothan Kemhan.
Menurut Dirtekind Kemhan berharap selain secara konsisten dipergunakan di dalam negeri, produk – produk pertahanan Indonesia juga dapat dipergunakan  oleh negara-negara di kawasan ASEAN.
Dirtekind menyatakan optimis bahwa hal itu akan dapat tercapai karena disamping telah ada kesepatakan diantara negara – negara ASEAN tentang kolaborasi industri pertahanan, juga karena produk industri pertahanan Indonesia  berkualitas dan banyak dibutuhkan oleh pasukan. 

Source : Dmc.kemhan

 
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Ditulis oleh pada Juli 6, 2011 in Pengetahuan Militer

 

>Tirulah Presiden Rusia, SBY Perhatikan dong Perumahan TNI, POLRI & Kejaksaan

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Russian Presiden Dmitry Medvedev





Dimuat juga di INDONESIAKATAKAMI.WORDPRESS.COM

Wakapolri Komjen. Jusuf Manggabarani : Walau Gaji Sederhana, Polri Jangan Lakukan Pelanggaran
Jakarta 13/1/2011 (KATAKAMI) —  Bagi pengguna jejaring sosial TWITTER, kecepatan memperoleh informasi kelas dunia akan sangat cepat dan mudah sekali diperoleh.
Itulah yang terjadi pada hari Rabu ( 12/1/2011) kemarin, saat Presiden Rusia Dmitry Medvedev memuat informasi gambar terbaru di salah satu akun TWITTER dirinya bahwa ia baru saja mengunjungi perumahan bagi militer Rusia yang sedang dibangun.

FOTO : Presiden Rusia Dmitry Medvedev didampingi Menteri Pertahanan Anatoly Serdyukov sedang melakukan peninjauan terharap pembangunan perumahan bagi militer Rusia di wilayah Podolsk ( Moscow), 12 Januari 2011. Foto inilah yang dirilis oleh Kantor Kepresidenan Rusia lewat jejaring sosial TWITTER

 

 


KREMLINRUSSIA_E :   Dmitry Medvedev has inspected the construction of housing for military personnel in Podolsk outside Moscow http://twitpic.com/3pd2ux
Dan itu bukan kunjungan Medvedev yang pertama untuk urusan militernya.
Yang ingin dibahas disini, betapa besarnya perbedaan “TAKDIR” antara prajurit MILITER di Rusia dan Indonesia.
Yang lebih menyedihkan lagi, di tanah air Indonesia ini tak cuma TNI yang sengsara dalam masalah perumahan. Kesengsaraan dan keterbatasan ( yang benar-benar sangat terbatas) di bidang perumahan ini juga dialami oleh POLRI & KEJAKSAAN.
Ya betul bahwa negara kita masih memiliki keterbatasan kemampuan untuk memenuhi kesejahteraan para prajurit TNI, POLRI dan Kejaksaan.
Itulah sebabnya mulai tahun 2011 ini, ada kebijakan terbaru dari Pemerintah dengan dikeluarkannya sebuah jalan keluar atau solusi untuk masalah kesejahteraan yaitu RENUMERASI.
Pemerintah Indonesia sudah mengeluarkan KEBIJAKAN KENAIKAN PENDAPATAN RENUMERASI.
Lewat RENUMERASI ini, akan diperoleh peningkatan pendapatan sesuai dengan porsi dan prestasi kerja mereka masing-masing.
Tapi, cukupkah hanya sebatas mengeluarkan kebijakan RENUMERASI ?
Titik fokus pada pembahasan dalam tulisan ini adalah masalah PERUMAHAN.
Sudah menjadi rahasia umum bahwa di Indonesia ini, prajurit TNI sangat amat malang nasibnya untuk urusan perumahan.
Tak cuma prajurit TNI, tetapi anggota Kepolisian (POLRI) dan Kejaksaan juga bernasib sama.
Antara prajurit TNI,POLRI dan KEJAKSAAN untuk urusan perumahan bagi anggota-anggota mereka, sangat memprihatinkan sekali nasibnya.

FOTO : Presiden Rusia Dmitry Medvedev didampingi Menteri Pertahanan Anatoly Serdyukov saat melakukan inspeksi pembangunan perumahan bagi prajurit militer Rusia di Podolsk ( 12/1/2011)

Sehingga ketika Presiden Rusia Dmitry Medvedev menunjukkan foto tentang kunjungannya untuk melakukan inspeksi pembangunan perumahan prajurit militer di negaranya, perasaan kita sebagai anak bangsa Indonesia menjadi sangat sedih sekali.
Betapa kasihannya prajurit di negara kita ini.
Salah satu bentuk permasalahan seputar perumahan prajurit TNI di Indonesia ini juga sangat unik yaitu banyak perumahan yang masih terus dihuni oleh penghuni-penghuni lama.
Bahkan bisa sampai belasan atau puluhan tahun masih mendiami perumahan dinas yang disediakan institusi.
Dan mari, kita telusuri gambaran singkat tentang situasi dan kondisi yang saat ini terjadi di jajaran TNI, POLRI dan KEJAKSAAN.
Khusus untuk TNI, ilustrasi yang dikemukakan disini tidak bisa menjadi acuan tentang situasi dan kondisi dari masalah perumahan dalam institusi TNI secara keseluruhan.
Sebab contoh yang akan kami sampaikan disini hanya fokus pada KOPASSUS.

DOKUMENTASI FOTO : Komandan Jenderal Kopassus Mayjen TNI Lodewijk F. Paulus (kiri), bertindak sebagai Inspektur Upacara pada upacara serah terima jabatan Wadanjen Kopassus, dari Brigjen TNI Nugroho Widyoutomo (tengah), kepada Brigjen TNI Agus Sutomo (kanan), di Gedung Balai Komando Makopassus, Kamis (21/10/2010)

Lewat percakapan dengan KATAKAMI.COM, Kamis (13/1/2011) di Jakarta, Brigjen TNI Agus Sutomo selaku Wakil Komandan Jenderal Kopassus mengemukakan bahwa hampir seluruhnya prajurit Kopassus di Indonesia dapat tertampung di perumahan dinas yang disediakan Markas Kopassus.
“Syukur Alhamdulilah, anggoata Kopassus itu dapat ditampung semua di rumah-rumah dinas. Memang ada satu atau dua orang yang meminta izin dari kami bahwa mereka ingin tinggal diluar komplek perumahan Kopassus. Biasanya karena mereka ingin tinggal bersama mertua. Kami izinkan. Tetapi secara keseluruhan, semua anggota Kopassus itu tinggal di perumahan dinas” kata Agus Sutomo.
Menurut mantan Komandan Group A Paspampres ini, Kopassus menyadari keterbatasan negara memenuhi kebutuhan perumahan bagi prajurit Kopassus sehingga para pimpinan di Kopasssus yang berinisiatif untuk memberikan perhatian dan bantuan besar untuk masalah perumahan ini.
“Untungnya di Kopassus ini, kami selalu mendapatkan warisan dari para pimpinan sebelumnya yang rata- rata meninggalkan warisan perumahan bagi prajurit. Misalnya Pak Edhie ( Mayjen TNI Pramono Edhie Wibowo, redaksi). Semasa beliau menjadi Danjen Kopassus, beliau membangun rumah susun sederhana untuk prajurit Kopassus di dalam komplek Cijantung ini. Begitu juga mantan-mantan Danjen Kopassus yang lain. Semua meninggalkan warisan perumahan untuk prajurit Kopassus” lanjut Agus Sutomo.

FOTO : Danjen Kopassus. Mayjen TNI Lodewijk F. Paulus

Agus Sutomo menjelaskan bahwa para mantan Danjen Kopassus ( termasuk Danjen Kopassus saat ini ) sering melakukan kunjungan ke lapangan untuk melihat secara langsung kondisi perumahan prajurit.
“Itu sebabnya para pimpinan mengetahui situasi dan kondisi yang sebenarnya. Sedikit demi sedikit kalau ada rezeki, perumahan-perumahan yang sudah rusak akan diperbaiki. Malah saat ini Danjen Kopassus memberikan bantuan Rp. 5 juta untuk masing-masing perumahan prajurit di Group 1 Serang. Uang bantuan itu dapat mereka gunakan untuk memperbaiki perumahan yang mereka huni saat ini. Sedapat mungkin, Kopassus tidak akan pernah membebani prajurit untuk masalah perumahan atau anggaran apapun guna memperbaiki perumahan tempat mereka tinggal” ungkap Agus Sutomo.
Menurut Agus Sutomo, pimpinannya saat ini yaitu Danjen Kopassus Mayjen TNI Lodewijk F. Paulus telah mengeluarkan 5 perintah harian untuk seluruh prajurit Kopassus yaitu :
1. Tugas-tugas operasi harus berhasil dilaksanakan.
2  Tugas-tugas pertandingan atau perlombaan, baik olahraga umum atau militer, harus dapat dijuarai.
3. Tugas-tugas latihan atau pendidikan, harus mencapai tujuan dan sasarannya.
4. Setiap pelaksanaan tugas, baik dalam pelaksaaan operasi, latihan dan pendidikan, harus 0 (nol) kecelakaan atau zero accident.
5. Tidak boleh melakukan pelanggaran apapun dalam seluruh pelaksanaan tugas-tugas secara keseluruhan.
Kalau mencermati uraian Wadanjen Kopassus ini, tentu kita harus memberikan apresiasi kepada para pimpinan di Kopassus. Besarnya tanggung jawab dan kepedulian mereka terhadap nasib dan kesejahteraan prajuritnya, patut diacungi jempol.
Tetapi pertanyaannya, bagaimana dengan nasib TNI yang lain ( di luar Kopassus ) ?
Apakah para pimpinan memiliki tingkat kepedulian yang sama besarnya ?
Dan kalaupun mereka memilik tingkat kepedulian yang sama besar, apakah Pemerintah Indonesia tidak malu karena sampai detik ini tetap tidak bisa menanggulangi masalah perumahan prajurit TNI ( termasuk masalah perumahan POLRI dan KEJAKSAAN ) ?
Apalagi Presiden SBY sedang menjalankan masa kedua kekuasaannya.

FOTO : Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono (kiri) dan Kapolri Jenderal Polisi Timur Pradopo

Apakah nanti seorang Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono ini tidak merasa malu bila dicatat dalam lembaran sejarah bahwa dalam 2 periode kekuasaannya, ia tidak memberikan kontribusi apapun untuk menolong para abdi negara ?
Kalau tadi dari pihak Kopassus, bagaimana dengan pihak POLRI ?
Lewat percakapan dengan KATAKAMI.COM, Kamis (13/1/2011) di Jakarta, Irjen. Polisi Anton Bachrul Alam selaku Kepala Divisi Humas POLRI menegaskan bahwa tidak semua anggota kepolisian yang beruntung mendapat jatah rumah dinas.
“Sudah beberapa tahun terakhir ini, POLRI memang tidak mendapatkan anggaran dari pemerintah untuk membangun perumahan dinas bagi anggota kepolisian. Di kepolisian, yang bernasib baik maka dia bisa mendapatkan jatah rumah dinas. Tetapi tidak semua bisa seberuntung itu karena rumah dinas di jajaran kepolisian sangat terbatas jumlahnya. Sehingga banyak anggota kepolisian yang terpaksa kos, mengontrak rumah atau menumpang di rumah temannya” kata Anton Bachrul Alam.
Menurut Anton, anggaran dari Pemerintah lebih difokuskan pada anggota operasional yang berguna dan dirasakan langsung untuk masyarakat.

FOTO : Jaksa Agung Muda Bidang Pengawasan (JAMWAS) Marwan Effendy : “Banyak jaksa-jaksa yang terpaksa tinggal di rumah-rumah kos dekat kantor karena Kejaksaan tidak memiliki perumahan bagi para jaksa”

Nasib dari anggota kepolisian dalam sektor perumahan ini juga dialami oleh para JAKSA di Indonesia.
Dalam istilah anak gaul, BETI alias beda-beda tipis nasib dari anggota kepolisian yang tak tertampung dan tak mendapatkan fasilitas perumahan.
Dihubungi oleh KATAKAMI.COM, Kamis (13/1/2011), Marwan Effendy selaku Jaksa Agung Muda Bidang Pengawasan mengemukakan bahwa sangat besar jumlah jaksa-jaksa yang tidak mendapatkan fasilitas perumahan.
“Kejaksaan sebenarnya memiliki perumahan dinas tetapi hampir seluruhnya masih dihuni oleh penghuni-penghuni yang lama. Mereka tidak mau pindah. Dan kamipun tidak enak kalau harus mengusir mereka. Jadi untuk mengantisipasi itu, jaksa-jaksa yang tidak mendapatkan fasilitas perumahan terpaksa kos di rumah-rumah yang letaknya tidak jauh dari kantor-kantor Kejaksaan” kata Marwan Effendy.
Menurutnya, Kejaksaan Agung sebenarnya berkeinginan kuat untuk bisa menyediakan perumahan ini bagi para jaksa tetapi terkendala pada masalah anggaran.
“Kami sudah mengajukan permohonan sebenarnya untuk mengatasi masalah ini. Misalnya, rumah-rumah sitaan dijadikan perumahan untuk para jaksa. Tetapi belum bisa terelisasi. Kami tidak mendapatkan izin untuk melakukan itu. Salah satu penyebabnya karena rumah-rumah sitaan itu belum dilelang” lanjut Marwan Effendy.

Foto : Panglima TNI Laksamana Agus Suhartono (duduk), Kapolri Jenderal Timur Pradopo (tengah) dan Jaksa Agung Basrief Arief sedang berbincang sebelum mengikuti rapat terbatas di Kantor Kepresidenan ( 20/12/2010)

Sekarang yang dimintai tanggung-jawabnya adalah Pemerintah Indonesia.
Sampai kapan Pemerintah mau “bersembunyi” di balik alasan-alasan klise bahwa kemampuan keuangan negara sangat terbatas sekali sehingga sampai detik ini tidak mampu memenuhi tingkat kesejahteraan abdi-abdi negaranya para institusi TNI, POLRI dan KEJAKSAAN.
Kasihan betul Indonesia ini, uang yang begitu banyak justru dinikmati oleh para koruptor dan jaringan-jaringan mafia yang bisa memperbudak aparat-aparat di berbagai instansi untuk melakukan apapun yang dikehendaki oleh para koruptor dan mafia-mafia tadi.
Sementara para abdi negara kita, hidup dalam kepahitan dan kegetiran yang berkepanjangan.
Mereka ( para abdi negara dari institusi TNI, POLRI dan KEJAKSAAN yang bergaji minim ), entah harus mengatakan apa kepada isteri dan anak-anak mereka tentang tidak sepadannya pengorbanan dan kerja keras sebagai abdi negara di tanah air tercinta ini.
Eh SBY, bukankah seharusnya anda malu sama Presiden Rusia yang terus konsisten memperhatikan kesejahteraan (terutama masalah perumahan) bagi prajurit militer mereka ?
Lakukan dong hal yang sama !
Tidak ada salahnya meniru sesuatu yang memang baik !
Perhatikanlah masalah perumahan bagi aparat TNI, POLRI dan KEJAKSAAN.
Dan kalau ada waktu luang dalam agenda harian Presiden SBY, coba diperiksa kembali bahwa bantuan pemerintah untuk masalah perumahan kepada TNI dan POLRI diberikan terakhir kali pada tahun 2004 oleh Presiden Megawati Soekarnoputri.
Dan anda SBY, apa bantuan anda sebagai Kepala Negara untuk masalah perumahan ?
Anda punya anak, punya menantu dan punya cucu, tentu mereka semua ingin anda bahagiakan.
Begitu juga dengan prajurit-purajurit TNI dan anggota Kepolisian (termasuk pada jaksa) di Indonesia ini.
Jangan wajibkan mereka mengabdi kepada bangsa dan negara tetapi kepedulian negara sangat kecil pada masalah kesejahteraan mereka.
Tidak cukup hanya RENUMERASI.
Bantu mereka dalam masalah perumahan karena itu memang merupakan TANGGUNG-JAWAB penuh dari Pemerintah.










Source : KataKamidotCom

 
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Ditulis oleh pada Juli 6, 2011 in Pengetahuan Militer

 

>Sedikit catatan tentang kopasus, Indonesian Army Special Forces

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Pataka_Frame Kopassus
Introduction
Kopassus, abbreviation for Komando Pasukan Khusus (Army Special Force Command) is an Indonesian Army Special Forces group that conducts special operations missions for the Indonesian government, such as direct action, unconventional warfare, sabotage, counter-terrorism and intelligence gathering. Kopassus was founded on April 16, 1952. The Special Forces quickly made their mark by spearheading some of the government’s military campaigns: putting down regional rebellions in the late 1950s, the Western New Guinea campaign in 1960, the confrontation against Malaysia from 1962-1966, the military acts against of alleged Indonesian Communist Party (PKI) in 1965, the East Timor military campaign in 1975, and the subsequent campaigns against separatism and terrorism.
Although most political and military analyst considering Kopassus was linked to numerous severe violations of human rights (especially in East Timor, Aceh and Papua, as well as on some occasions in the capital Jakarta itself), for most people of Indonesia, their last involvement of disgraced kidnaping activities of democratic activists in 1998 riots won’t erase their great and unpaidable services to the country from their very beginning formation until now.
Beginning
Indonesia is the country that formed and declared the independence proclamation from former colonialists in 1945 after long struggle against of colonialism by several European countries like Portuguese, Spanish, Britain, Dutch and Japanese. Indonesia is a state that encompasses the Indonesia archipelago with some area were infamous for their spicy/clove product, the important commodity for European countries due to its rare and purpose for seasoning the food and medicine at that time.
Even the Indonesia had declared the independence, Dutch still did not accept that fact and came back to re-conquer Indonesia and named their military acts as police acts. Due to intensive diplomatic works and military fights from young Indonesian army, Dutch finally accepted Indonesia as independent state in 1949, with West Papua still occupied by the Dutch until 1963. Connecting to 1949 recognition by Dutch, the reactions in the field was not always easy for the new Republic of Indonesia. One of them was insurgency from  some ex-Dutch formed army, KNIL (Koninklijk Nederland-Indisch Leger, The Dutch East Indies Army). Many KNIL members were from Eastern people from Sulawesi and Moluccas that generally had closer relationships with Dutch because their more privileges in economy, politics and education during the Dutch colonialism due to their faith, mixed blood and became closely similar habits. Knowing that the new formed Republic of Indonesia would reduce their status than they had before, the insurgency begun by some ex-KNIL members and eastern politician leaders. That ex-KNIL and eastern politician leaders rebel became serious threat to central government in Jakarta with the movement called RMS (Republik Maluku Selatan; Republic of the South Moluccas).
During the eradicating of the RMS immunity, Lieu. Col. Slamet Riyadi and Colonel Alexander Evert Kawilarang who in the front line commanding the troops were inspired and amazed by effectiveness and combat ability (especially in men’s sniping) of ex-KNIL members that also helped by KST (Korps Speciale Troepen) during insurgency. They then inspired to build a similar force for Indonesia. However, at that time, neither of the Indonesian commandants had any experience or skill in special operations. (However, Lieutenant Colonel Slamet Riyadi would not see his dream realized due to his death in a battle against the troops of the RMS).
Not long after, with the use of military intelligence, Colonel Kawilarang located and met with Captain Major Rokus Bernardus Visser – a former member of the Dutch Special Forces who had remained in independent Indonesia, settled in West Java, married an Indonesian woman, and was known locally as Mohamad Idjon Djanbi. He was the first recruit for the Indonesian special forces, as well as its first commandant. He later re-positioned to become Major after his request to be at least one rank higher than any his trainee. Due to him, the unit adopted a Red Beret similar to that of the Dutch Special Forces, which is still in use by the present Kopassus.
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Col. A. E. Kawilarang, Lieu. Col. Slamet Riyadi and staffs arrived in Ambon, 1950
Brig. Gen Slamet Riyadi Col. A.E. Kawilarang 1_4d06e516bb4d542b35ae28b87fabfb6b
Brig. Gen. Slamet Riyadi & Col. Kawilarang & Maj. M. Idjon Djanbi
ex-trainers
Kopassanda’s ex-trainer
Missions
1. DI/TII (Darul Islam/Tentara Islam Indonesia)
2. The Talang Betutu Operation against the rebellion in Tentara Teritorium (Territorial Troops) IV
3. Destroying operation PRRI/Permesta
4. Kahar Muzakkar Rebellion
5. The Trikora Operation (to invade Netherland New Guinea in 1962)
6. The Dwikora Operation/Konfrontasi (to oppose the formation of the Federation of Malaysia from Britain)
7. The Naga Operation (to guarantee a 100% yes vote for integration with Indonesia by the Papuans in the so-called Act of Free Choice or Pepera in 1969)
8. The Seroja Operation in East Timor since in 1975
9. The Aceh Operation against of GAM (Gerakan Aceh Merdeka or Aceh Liberation Movement)
10. Woyla Operation, Bangkok 1981
Indonesia Flight 206 was a domestic Garuda Indonesia Airways flight that was hijacked on Saturday, March 28, 1981.
This was the first serious Indonesian airline hijacking, since an earlier case in 1972 which was a desperate amateur hijacker (his name was Hermawan, who was failed entered the marine corps) and was then hijacked Vickers Viscount 613 flight number MZ-171 of Merpati Nusantara Airlines headed to Jakarta from Surabaya and killed at that episode by the pilot himself (Captain Hindiarto). Note: that pilot graduated from TALOA (Trans Ocean Airlines Oakland Airport Academy of Aeronautic, Bakersfield, California, USA) and believed he was familiar how to use the gun. Finally, captain Hindiarto could finish the hijacking incident after he waved his arm out of cockpit window and gave a code to one police officer whom surrounded the airplane that understood the given code to give his revolver Colt .38 from underneath the cockpit.
In 1981, some group of people hijacked the DC-9 “Woyla” Garuda Airways with 48 passengers, en routed from Palembang (South Sumatera Province Capital) to Medan (North Sumatera Capital), and ordered the pilot to fly the plane to Colombo, Sri lanka. The plane started to be hijacked at 10.10 a.m. after the pilot Captain Herman Rante threatened with gun.
But since the plane did not have enough fuel, it refueled in Penang, Malaysia. After Malaysian authority provided food and maps and hijackers released one passenger at 16.05 local time, the plane took off from Bayan Lepas Airport, Penang, Malaysia. In fact, Malaysian government initiative to easily let the DC-9 plane flew from Penang to Thailand was deplorably for Indonesian government. If hijackers insisted to fly farther, it would be more very-very difficult to do military option. Even more, if that plan could reach the Arabian countries,the situation would be the worst situation (there was a speculation that the plane would fly to Libya). Fortunately, they then flew to Don Muang International Port, Thailand and landed at 17.05 local time. The plane then parked at spot A terminal, Royal Thai Air Force base.
While that problem sounded to Jakarta, most senior officers of Indonesian Armed Forces (at that time still named ABRI, Angkatan Bersenjata Republik Indonesia) was gathering a senior officer meeting in Ambon, Moluccas. There was only Admiral TNI Sudomo, deputy commandant of the armed forces (ABRI), who still stayed in Jakarta. The news regarding that situation was received by Sudomo and then passed to Lieu. Gen. TNI Moerdani (assistant of defense and security and chief of strategic intelligence center) in Ambon. Then Gen. TNI M. Yusuf, the ABRI commandant, ordered Admiral Sudomo to coordinate eradicating of the hijacking. Immediately, From Ambon, Moerdani went back to Jakarta to prepare the work.
After considering the potential available officers, ABRI then ordered Lieu. Col. Sintong Pandjaitan, a Kopassandha (a former name of Kopassus) officer from Bataknese ethnic group from Northern Sumatera province,  who recently injured his legs from advanced freefall training with MTT (Mobile Training Team) from US Army’s Special Forces. While Sintong received the order, he was using crutch to support his legs after two weeks bed rest in army hospital.  He was assistant 2 or Operation in group 2 of Kopassandha. Shortly, he prepared anti terror squad. (The order given to Sintong was reasonable because he had enough long study on an anti terror course for 20 years after he attended some anti terror trainings such as in Hereford with SAS,visited anti terror training in KCT, Roosendal- Dutch, then France, Germany and Korea). At the beginning, he made team from 72 soldiers from Group 4/Sandiyudha, however after they knew the hijacker consisted of only 5 persons, finally Sintong shrunk the team to be only 30 commandos. They consisted of 24 from group 4, three officers from Kopassandha headquarter office and three from Group 1/Para commando. A strong policy from government was very clear, Republic of Indonesia insisted to rescue the hostages at any cost.
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Lieu. Gen. Yoga Sugomo, flew to Bangkok from Jakarta with five crews (pilots and technicians) as reversed crew, acted as RI’s special envoys to meet with Thailand government regarding this situation. Meanwhile, after Moerdani arrived in Jakarta, he with Sudomo met President Suharto at 22.00. When Suharto asked Let. Gen. Moerdani about the probability of success, Moerdany vastly responded, ” fifty-fifty, Sir”. However, Suharto still insisted to order the operation had to go on. In contrast, in Bangkok, Thai’s Prime Minister Gen. Prem Tinsulanonda would not let go any forces against the hijacking. This potentially came from his impression of the successful handling by Israeli Embassy in 1972 against of Israeli Embassy hostage without such force.
As time went by, information from the field becoming clearer, hijacking action conducted by some people who named themself as Komando Jihad (Islam Fundamentalist). Hijackers demanded the release of 80 Komando Jihad members imprisoned in Indonesia, and US$1.5 million, as well as a plan to take those prisoners to an unspecified destination. The hijackers threatened to blow up the plane if their demands were not met by 01.00 pm on March 30, 1981.
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To react to this situation promptly, Sintaong and team trained on a spare DC-9 provided by state airline Garuda Indonesia Airways. The team made a tactic with  started doing an identification of plane design. It was very important part of the rescuing tactic.The second step is how to approach the plane. They defined approaching the plane from dead sight angle of view that benefited commandos. The third was synchronization plan. During this exercise, Sintong evaluated application of assault plan,  either individual performance or coordination among the team members.  Unpredictedly, Lieu. Gen. Moerdani visited the exercise.
On Sunday, March 30, 1981, anti terror commando team gathered in General Moerdani’s office to get briefing. There were some body armors on the sofa that would be worn by team member, then he took the pistol and shot the armor to show the effectiveness of those body armors.
There was a remarkable happening prior to the departure of the team in Jakarta while the team met again with Lieu. Gen Moerdani in Halim Perdanakusuma Air force base, Jakarta. After the general saw the team used assault riffle M16A1, Moerdani said to Sintong, “Tong, you must not use that riffle! If you shoot using M16, you gonna blow the plane later on”. The Moerdani gave assault riffle H&K MP5 SD-2, caliber 9mm, made by Heckler & Koch, West Germany. Sintong had shot already MP5 while he was visiting GSG-9 training center, but he realized that no one of his team member had never used it. Moreover as per procedure, every a new weapon must be tested and evaluated prior to its service. Therefore after receiving that weapon, he spontaneously reacted, ” Ouw Sir, this weapon can not be used by team member”. Moerdany replied,” If you get used to hold a weapon, any weapon wanna be the same, right? Open the safety lock, position the gun to the object and fire it, what else?” Sintong still reluctantly accepted that order, although he had to do it as his subordinate. Then he spared the weapon with 9 mm low velocity bullets to his team member. Property of that bullet is deathfull for human yet only create small damaged to airplane wall.
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Indonesia Terror Drill
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Time has shown 20.00 in the night when McDonnel Douglass DC-10-30 of Garuda preparing the departure to Bangkok. Prior to entering the plane, Sintong plead to Moerdani once again,” Sir, I request you to do shooting practice just a moment to know the riffle characteristic”. (This request was based on his experience when he used new assault riffle AR-15 caliber 5.56 mm that fail to fire just received the weapon, during communist eradicating action in Central Jawa, Indonesia).  Because the departure had to race with time, Moerdani commented,” Are you afraid?” Followed with anger voice, he then ordered,” Enter the plane!” The plane was then ready for take off and warmed the engines. In the airplane Sintong walked to Moerdani’s seat to meet his general, however, Lieu. Gen. Moerdani then asked him first,” How?” Sintong replied,” I wanna succeed this operation successfully, Sir. If you wanna me to depart, for sure I will”. Lieu. Gen. Leonardus Benny Moerdani didn’t comment on Sintong’s request. But not long after that, the general woke up from his seat and then went to cockpit and suddenly the engines were faded away. Lieu. Gen. Leonardus Benny Moerdani, a Christian Javanese soldier; a die hard and well known as fearless soldier (also commando veteran), yelled to Sintong,”  Hi Batak (yelled to Sintong’s ethnic as illustration their intimate relationship; can not be done if there is no good relationship cause will result in blasphemy)! Quickly go out of this plane, bring along your soldiers!”. Then Sintong and his commandos quickly did shooting practice with their new weapon and the result was all the firings were jammed! Knowing that happening, Moerdany was very surprise, because those weapons were new and becoming standard assault riffle of Germany GSG-9 anti terror team while rescuing Lufthansa Airline in Mogadishu, Somalia. It then believed that potentially the problem came due to inappropriate storage in high humidity of tropical region like Indonesia or the bullets given to the team had been expired. Then Moerdani ordered Lieu. Col. Kuntara to take other bullets from his office that newly sent from Germany. After they used the new bullets, the results were very good. From this experience, Sintong proved himself that he must take a risk to ask for request that sometimes would be difficult, moreover dealing with fearless and famous General Moerdani.
… at 21.50 Jakarta Time, 30 commandos by DC-10 airplane without wearing their uniform departed to Bangkok after 2 days intensive training in Garuda’s hangar. They arrived in Dong Muang Airport at 02.25 local time, March 30, 1981. All commandos still seated in airplane, meanwhile Lieu. Gen. Moerdani left the plane immediately. In Don Muang, that DC-10 was assigned as tactical commando center of Kopassanda team.
Initially, Thai’s official proposed to do joint operation between Indonesian commando and Thai commando. That proposal was refused by Indonesian officials because the hijacked plane was Indonesian plane, most passengers were Indonesian citizens and the hijackers were also Indonesian. Analyzing from military perspective, if joint military operation without joint training is performed, it will very likely be dangerous for all team members. (For example, rescuing operation of 50 hostages inside DC-8 Egyptair in Larnaca International Airport, Cyprus, in February 1978 had resulted in 15 Egyptian commandos were death after they exchanged fires with Cyprus officers. That accident happened due to no coordination, yet no joint training previously). The coordination with Thai Armed Forces was managed by high level officers, such as some body armors lent by them and ladder for approaching the aircraft body. Knowing the body armors already sufficient in number, the only one body armor from CIA office in Bangkok immediately was sent back by Moerdani to them to purge the assumption that Indonesia got help from USA.
(Note: to save the Thai Armed Forces’s honor, they also let to be participated in indirect operation as a protection force in hijacked plane’s perimeter).
On March 30, 1981, again the team practiced using DC-9 “Digul” of Garuda Indonesia Airways in Royal Thai Air Force hangar. That practice by simulating night assault was a repetitive drill about the technical job, especially about how to open the door and attack faster and effective. While negotiating and preparing the assault, there was a new occurrence that one hostage, an English passenger namely Robert Wainwright, had successfully escaped from the emergency exit door. It case changed slightly the assault scenario. In the attack plan, sub team recon 2 had a task to enter the plan thru emergency exit above left wing. Sintong ordered,” Once the door opened, anyone there must be shot quickly”. One of the team member asked,” What about if that person is a passenger, Sir?” Sintong answered firmly,” I don’t care. If that person is passenger, you have no choice instead of shooting him. It’s his fate already. I take the responsibility”. In Sintong’s logic, after one hostage escaped from airplane wing, it very likely in surrounding the emergency seat row was emptied by hijackers.
In shooting skill, definitely anti terror team member had much better skill than any hijackers, they were skillful commandos. In contrast, hijackers were fearless and drastic people, cause they were ready to die for their action. In Sintong calculation, their fearless attribute had also a weakness. If there is something noisy sound, any hijacker member must likely raise his head higher than any passenger as any normal people will duck into inside the seat row when shooting action happened. So, Sintong ordered his team member to fire their weapon level to the passenger seat height. “If seen people raise their head from the head rest, you must shoot him!”, ordered by Sintong with also instructed to give order to any passenger to crouch once commando enter the plane.
Finally, after negotiation with Thai’s government, Thai’s PM Prem Tinsulanonda gave green light to let the military option that will be performed by Indonesian. Because this operation was considered as open operation type, so all commandos changed their suit to their pride BDU and their red beret. Some experienced team member said,” If I must die, I choose to die by wearing this commando BDU”. Moreover, that uniform will be easily distinguished with any other people inside the hijacked plane.
In the last briefing before assault on March 30, 1981, at 22.00 (night), Moerdany reminded the team not to take risk too heavily and prioritized their safety first. But soon after that three-star general left the room, Sintong gave different order than Moerdani did before. Sintong affirmed,” If this mission is merely to kill the hijackers, we can bom this plane!. Finish. However, our mission here is to save the hostages, air crew and the airplane. Sintong accentuated, all team member’s safety must not be counted. We come here to save hostages. Hostages’s life are much valuable than your life, than my life, because this has been our fate as soldier!” All words by Sintong in fact had heard directly by Moerdani as he still there outside, not far from  the briefing room.
Meanwhile the hijackers becoming impatient, another Indonesian general, Lieu. Gen Yoga Sugomo was still trying to pay out the time by pretending their pressures were being processed.  The last decision was taken that assault would be conducted at 03.00 (morning), March 31, 1981. Sintong knew that all team members were exhausted. To help little within the constraint time, he told his team that the mission was canceled and he let them to take a rest and switched off the room lamp. No long after that, all member had slept, even some of them snored heavily. After around one hour, Sintong woke them up in fresher condition and ordered to prepare for the operation.
Information from a CIA-provided listening device prompted Lieu Gen. Moerdani to order the assault at 03.00 in the morning when the hijackers were tired and had eaten. At 02.00, all lights around the hijacked plane were shutdown, and assault time was decided by Moerdani. In 500 meters distance, the commandos approached using VW combi. Knowing there were so many journalists, most team members instructed to lie down inside the car and Moerdani sat on their soldier’s body. However, Sintong was very surprise when the commandos left the car, Moerdany moved and followed into the soldier’s march. It was not including in the scenario. Moerdany’s body was very clear in the middle of the uniformed commandos. He wore a black jacket and his hand held his pistol. That general looked very different because he was the only one not used the BDU and the red beret. Sintong whispered to his next commando,” So, Roso (it was commando’s name), get him out. Don’t let Mr. Moerdany go with us!” Capt. Roso replied by whispering also to Sintong,” I don’t dare, Sir”. In Benny Moerdany’s interview, he told that he just thought that his best place was with his soldiers. Off course neglected the reality, that he was three-star general. He did not care of the risk of getting the hot fatal bullet. But Moerdany insisted in his private doctrine, a leader must together with his soldiers. A something that he had proved so far along his services in any battle fields. He thought at that time, psychological value was very great, “If  I were shot and die, it would prove that Indonesian government never surrendered from any hijacker pressures”, told Benny Moerdani.The, Sintong told that they then walked to airplane calmly without pointed the gun and unlike the commandos who would rescue the hostages. One reporter from Bangkok Post described the march of Indonesian commando like Sunday picnic walk (and it was agreed by Sintong after all).
Assault sub team was assigned to enter the plane, support and sniper sub team were assigned to surround the plane in 30 meters radius and prepared to support the main sub team. In the same time, Royal Thai Air Force armies stood by in 200 meters radius to be ready for any possible situation.
Even though the action was planned to be at 03.00, but at 02.40 Sintong whispered his sub team commandants to begin the assault via handy talkie,” enter … enter!” Six soldiers by holding assault riffle H&K MP5 and Beretta M951 caliber 9 mm entered the plane as per their scenario.
At 02.45, two soldiers from support sub team stepped the ladder and opened the front left door. He kept the emergency sliding rubber that slowly emerged from its storage space. Before the front door fully opened, two commandos entered the plane swiftly by taking advantage of the raid and yelled,” Commando!!”. That had a purpose to send shock therapy to hijackers. For trained people, the raid like that will create astonishment about 2 or 3 seconds before reacting, but for the normal people they normally will react more than 10 seconds.  The first commando then ambushed into cockpit followed by the second commando to protect his fellow by yelling to the hostages to seek protection from their last position. Several seconds later, one fire was heard and apparently a hijacker namely Abu Sofyan had shot the captain pilot Herman Rante that seating in the left seat. Abu Sofyan shot him using Colt .38 at his head, whereas the co-pilot Handy Juwantoro could jump thru his right emergency door and quickly protected by Capt. Untung Suroso whom stood by underneath the cockpit. Another hijacker who ran from cockpit to passenger cabin collided with the commando no. 1 (the first commando) then wrestling resulted in. The hijacker attempted to seize the gun from the soldier, but before the commando no. 2 started firing, the hijacker had expelled to outside the plane. He slipped on the sliding rubber and felt on the apron. He then shot by the commando that had been ready besides the plane. Then he was death and soon later his name was known as Abdullah Mulyono.
Heindrik Seisen, a Dutch passenger who also one of the hostages, described,” I woke up when I heard a lot of noise and what certainly looked like shooting (sic!). It seemed like in the time of two seconds the whole plane filled up with commandos. He added,” When the shooting started we ducked below the seats. I didn’t want to look. I was terrified”.
In seconds count later after commando no. 1 and 2 entered the plane, the second ambush was performed by two commandos through left emergency exit door. The first group still stood by and acted firmly in their order to shoot anybody whom positioned in emergency exit door. And it was happened, when one commando shot the somebody closed to that door. Sintong’s analysis was correct, that fallen person was hijacker, namely Wendy Mohammad Zein, the youngest hijacker.
There was also grenade throwing by hijacker, fortunately he did not do well because the pin was not correctly pulled out. One hostage namely Wawan Irawan told that hijacker whom threw the grenade was Zulfikar. Wawan added,” If that grenade successfully exploded, I have already been like chopped meat”. Zulfikar escaped through left emergency exit door that already opened by the second group. Escaping from that door, Zulfikar jumped from leading edge to apron without invitation and then got shot from assault riffle M16A1 from the support sub team underneath the plane.
A few seconds later, the third group entered the plane through hydraulics back door. Due to slow movement of that opening, one hijacker had been prepared for ambush. It resulted in the first commando who entered from the back door, namely Achmad Kirang, was then shot at his stomach just above his male vital organ that not covered by body armored. The second soldier followed the fallen commando also been shot at his chest/body armor and only created bruise damage. He then swiftly opened fire using H&K MP5 to hijacker and resulted in his falling nearby the stewardess whom besides him. The hijacker name was Mahrizal. After the six commandos entered the plane, a support sub team then approached the plane to help the recon sub team. In short time, a rescue team performed the medical evacuation for Achmad Kirang whom shot by hijacker and rescued him to preparation site. Sintong evaluated, Achmad Kirang got shot due to his movement was too fast and it was suspected due to Achmad Kirang movement, a very experienced commando, was very aggressive.
After all hijackers were demolished, all hostages then been ordered to line up and go out from the plane by raising their hand. Abu Sofyan, one of hijackers, attempted to diffuse in the line up. But unlucky for him, three rescued hostages told the commandos that he was one of the hijackers. Abu Sofyan then shot after he attempted to runaway and then he died on the apron.
In that operation, three hijackers were death outside the airplane and other two hijackers were heavily wounded inside the airplane cabin. First lieutenant dr. PL Tobing and his medical team could not save their life. Therefore, all five hijackers were death at that operation. In cleansing period inside the airplane, Lieu. Gen Moerdany quickly entered the airplane by holding his pistol although that action had not been finished. From inside the cockpit, Moerdani then pointed upward his thumb as the victory sign.
He then made a call to his comrade Lieu. Gen. Yoga Sugomo,” This is two zero six, could I speak to Yoga please?”
“Yes, Yoga here”.
“Mr. Yoga, this is Benny!”, yelled Benny Moerdani.
“Damned! Where you have been?”, Yoga Sugomo asked.
“Inside the plane”, Moerdani replied.
“Pls, don’t be kidding in this situation”, Sugomo said.
“Yes, I am inside the airplane, the mission is succeeded well”, informed by Moerdani.
After the raid was finished, Sintong ordered his commandos to do consolidation in front of Royal Thai Post Command, then they entered another parked DC-10 airplane of Garuda Airways. (Previously, Lieu. Gen Leonardus Benny Moerdani had ordered 17 coffins as predicted from that operation. Fortunately that prediction was missed because from the result, there were only five casualties onsite). At 05.00, all commandos team had been withdrawn from Bangkok to Jakarta in the same day. The only victims in that operation from the commandos and hostages were Achmad Kirang in King Bhumiphol Air Force Hospital, Bangkok, two days after the operation and captain pilot Herman Rante who died six days later.
After that successful operation, there were some coverages from several newspaper, mostly from ASEAN countries,  about the mission. The Asian Wall Street Journal published in their headline,” It isn’t that Indonesians don’t deserve the same credit and honor that Israel and the West German commandos earned for similar gallantry at Entebbe and Mogadishu. It is a pity because there is a broader point to be made”. They also added that the third world countries always been underestimated, not having such discipline and can not work efficiently. The also commented on the Indonesian soldiers performance,”  Well, it took a high order of soldiering to rescue a planeload of hostages without taking one innocent life. From hijack to the last gun shot, the entire operation lasted about 60 hours. It required a high degree of organization and planning. It also required courage, efficiency and discipline”.
One of anti terror team, TJP Purba, had been interviewed by The Bangkok Post and said,” Our principle is simple: silent, decisive and aggressive”.
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After all, from the evaluation, the team concluded that all victims were caused by hijackers, like Achmad Kirang that was shot by .38 inch bullet, not  from the weapon that held by any team member, neither from H&K MP5 nor 9 mm bullet from berreta pistol during the raid. Another evaluation of successful operation was the commandos did execution with very effective and fast action and it also had very high surprise attack value. It resulted in no chance of any hijackers member to explode their dynamites that might create total loss; people and airplane.
Profitable from the intensive training by exploiting the logic and persistence, the raid by Indonesian commando only took  three minutes, less than 3-1/2 minutes plan!
Finally, all remaining team members got promotion one rank higher after the mission, while Achmad Kirang got two ranks higher promotion posthumously. Besides that, all team members got star medal from the Indonesian government.
Since that operation, Sat 81 Gultor (counter-terrorist group within Kopassus; an elite within an elite group) was formed by the TNI-AD. Code 81 of that group name was inspired from the year of the Woyla mission was undertaken.
11. Mapnduman, West Papua
Mapnduma Hostage Rescue 8 January 1996. The mastermind for this case was the OPM (Papua Liberation Organization or Organisasi Papua Merdeka), led by Kelly Kwalik. He took a number of Western and Indonesian researchers in the Lorentz National Parc hostage. The OPM demanded that the Indonesian government would give independence to West Papua. At that time the Kopassus commander was Brigadier General Prabowo Subianto, an ex GSG 9 student, and son-in-law of President Suharto. For the safety of the hostages, Prabowo preferred a negotiation process rather than a military operation. Negotiations were first conducted by an American missionary and the bishop of Jayapura and then by the ICRC led by Henry Fournier, the ICRC head of mission for Indonesia. The negotiations broke down, and Prabowo had to resort to force. The mission involved 100 soldiers from Kopassus and 400 soldiers from the Navy, Kostrad, Kodam VIII Trikora, and Penerbad. The mission was a success. Two hostages, were killed by OPM guerillas. There were no casualties among other hostages and Kopassus and others army members. During this mission Prabowo also retrieved help from other countries, who sympathised with Indonesia, among other Singapore, which lent its UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) Mazlat Scout and Night Vision Goggles, and, possibly, Western mercenaries.

Credit to wikipedia, Ken Conboy’s book about Kopassus, Hendro Subroto for his book about Sintong Pandjaitan (a former Kopassus commandant), militarypohotos.net.
To be continued …

Sumber : Indomil

 
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Ditulis oleh pada Juli 4, 2011 in Pengetahuan Militer

 

>Museum satria mandala Jakarta Selatan

> Berhubung ada tugas dari dosen di suruh cari alamat lengkap museum Satria Mandala kebetulan I Love TNI  Calon TNI yang gagal perang ini hehehe ngayal … 😀

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Museum TNI Satria Mandala diresmikan pada 5 Oktober 1972 oleh Presiden Soeharto. Gedung museum ini sebelumnya dikenal sebagai Wisma Yaso, tempat kediaman Ratna Sari Dewi Soekarno dan tempat Bung Karno disemayamkan sebelum dimakamkan di Blitar, Jawa Timur.

Museum TNI Satria Mandala merupakan salah satu sarana dalam pembinaan dan pelestarian jiwa serta semangat kejuangan di lingkungan TNI bersama rakyat. Selain itu merupakan sarana yang efektif untuk mewariskan nilai-nilai juang 45 dan nilai-nilai luhur TNI 45 secara utuh dan berlanjut. Kepribadian dan jati diri TNI sebagai pejuang prajurit maupun prajurit pejuang dapat dicermati melalui benda sejarah yang terdapat di Ruang Panji-panji, Ruang Jenderal Sudirman, Ruang Jenderal Oerip Sumohardjo, Ruang Tanda Jasa, Ruang Potret TNI, Ruang Senjata, Balairung Pahlawan, dan Ruang Pakaian Seragam.

Rangkaian cerita yang menggambarkan sejarah perjuangan TNI disajikan dalam bentuk diorama. Di halaman luar museum terdapat berbagai peralatan yang pernah dipergunakan oleh TNI, dalam menghadapi lawan yang merongrong kedaulatan negara, baik di dalam negeri maupun di luar negeri, antara lain pesawat terbang, peluru kendali, kendaraan tempur, dan meriam. Dengan mencermati benda-benda sejarah yang ada di museum ini, kita memperoleh inspirasi, pelajaran dari pengalaman masa lalu…

ALAMAT
Jalan Gatot Subroto Kav. 14
Jakarta Selatan
Telepon (021)-5227949  (021)-5227949)

JAM BUKA
Selasa – Minggu: 09.00 – 17.00 WIB
Senin dan Hari libur nasional: Tutup

KARCIS MASUK
Dewasa: Rp 3.000
Anak-anak: Rp 1.000
(SEDANG DIKONFIRMASI)

Berikut Foto Fotonya :


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Ditulis oleh pada Juni 13, 2011 in Pengetahuan Militer